Yarn is either obtained from natural sources like insects, plants and animals or is artificially created. The textile industry requires high quality yarn to craft various natural products such as fabrics.
Individuals use it to craft electronic equipment and fishing nets and various other objects. Here you can observe the different types of yarns, how they are produced, and what purpose they serve.
- Application- Knitting
- Mercerisation involves dipping a fibre in sodium hydroxide solution to improve its shrinkage resistance, dye affinity, and fibre strength.
The process is usually used for cotton fibres but can also be applied to other types of fibres to enhance their properties as well.
Cotton yarn (mainly for clothes)
- Application- Fabrics, garments, bags
- It is environment-friendly as the fibre is extracted from plants. The structure consists of an S-twist arrangement. They are the softest of yarns and is chiefly used to make garments.
- Application- Weaving, inner-garments
- As the name suggests, blended yarns comprise two or more materials such as wool, linen, cotton, acrylic, bamboo, Lycra and viscose.
- Application- Parachutes, Sportswear, tires, vests, home furnishing, quilts.
- These yarns are less expensive and require little to no maintenance. Synthetic yarns are easy to wash since it comprises from elastane and polyester.
- Application- Toys, wigs, sportswear, sweaters
- Acrylic yarns consist of petroleum-based compounds, namely methyl acrylate and vinyl acetate. They are incredibly harmful to the environment and can irritate sensitive parts of the skin.
- Application- Socks, elastic bands, diapers, garments
- Known for its exceptional elasticity, workers combine them with filament yarns to produce a variety of elastic products. They even surpass rubber in terms of strength and durability. Another name for the spandex is Lycra.
Nylon yarn (high tenacity yarn)
- Application- Parachutes, ropes for fishing nets.
- Nylon is a synthetic yarn known for its tenacity and strength. Two popular nylon variations (based on strength) include Nylon 6 and Nylon 66.
- Application- Suits, trousers, industrial garments.
- Polyesters fibres are made via both natural and artificial means. There are three categories of polyester fibres (monofilament, spun yarns and multifilament) based on its composition and tenacity.
Viscose Yarn (colourful dresses)
- Application- Fashion dresses, textiles.
- Viscose filament yarn is known for its tenacity. Another popular name for viscose is rayon. It is neither a natural nor a synthetic fibre and lies somewhere in between. Its colour retaining capacity makes it a top choice for fashionable and colourful items.
- Zippers, outerwear, textile products, maintains shape in suits and overcoats
- The void texture within the thread provides excellent insulation properties. Manufacturers can create designs such as crimps, filaments, coils, making it the ideal material to produce clothes and fabrics.
No matter the type of the yarn, one common characteristic they all share is the tenacity. High tenacity yarn is a staple product in every fabric, including particular artificial objects as well. Having detailed information on various types of yarn will enable you to choose the appropriate one for the task at hand.